June 23 – June Days Uprising

The 1800s in France were a turbulent time, to put things lightly. With the French Revolution taking a violent toll on the country, the country was still in a state of unrest. Under the rule of the Second Republic, the group that came into power after the French Revolution, many reforms were made. However, the group incited anger after cutting funding for public works projects. Suddenly, thousands of Parisian workers were laid off. The working class, who had put so much hope into the reforms of the Second Republic, were greatly disappointed. With the support of radical sympathizers, the group made a spontaneous public riot. The trouble began on June 23, 1848. The uprising lasted four whole days. During this time, the protesters marched through the streets of Paris and built barricades. Ultimately, fighting broke out along the barricaded streets. The assembly of the Second Republic finally gave General Louis-Eugène Cavaignac the authority to squash the rebellion. The General marched out his 40,000 troops, but they were a small number compared to the rebellion. While there is no accurate estimate of the true number of protesters, they are commonly believed to have well outnumbered the army. The fighting was intense and literally made the streets of Paris run with blood. Some accounts even say that it was a bloodier time than the French Revolution. After four days of fighting, the French government won the victory. However, peace was not restored. The four-day battle had taken the lives of somewhere around 1,500 military and 3,000 insurgents. Many of the insurgents were captured and given some sentence. Some were executed, but many more were exiled to Albania. As with many of the numbers, it is not clear how many were deported. The number lies anywhere from 1,500 to 4,000. While peace was not achieved, the stage was being set for another man to take control of France: Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte. Unrest is solved best by a strong leader, and Napoleon was just the man to take control.

Sources:
https://www.britannica.com/event/June-Days
http://encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com/June+Days+Uprising
https://libcom.org/history/june-days-paris-1848

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